18 Oct About bricks | aguri, aguris, agurebi
Brick – single building material, the dimensions of which are: 250x120x65 mm (increased thickness – 250x120x88 mm). Depending on the raw materials used and the manufacturing method. There are two types: ceramic (clay) and silicate (quartz sand and air lime).
Textured brick – paving brick with a relief image on the front.
Hollow-body clay brick – made using easy-to-use clay and additives. Voids in brick can be round – no more than 15 mm in diameter, and rectangular – with a hole no more than 15 mm wide. Hollow bricks are made both ordinary (Fig. 1) and thickened. Their stamps are 75, 100, 125, 150; General density 1000…1450 kg/m3. It is used in the same way as ordinary bricks. For building foundations, plinths and wet walls, A.T.G. Use is not recommended
A brick wall AGURI, AGURIS, AGUREBI
Brick – an artificial building stone in the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped formed from various materials of mineral origin; Hardness, frost resistance and other technical properties are obtained as a result of roasting or high-pressure steam treatment. The following are used as raw materials for baked bricks: clay, repel, diatomite; For silicate – quartz sand and lime. Brick is a very common building material, but because it is less industrialized, its use is gradually decreasing.
Clay brick is an ancient artificial building material. Archeological excavations in the Mediterranean and Egypt have revealed architectural monuments made of bricks many millennia ago. According to Strabo, at the beginning of the new era, bricks were already widespread in Iberia. However, the term “brick”, i. According to Javakhishvili’s research, it is found in our country only from the 10th century, before that it was known as Alizi. In ancient times in Georgia they mainly made square bricks. In ancient and earlier feudal times, its side size was 46-54 cm, and its thickness was 10-11 cm (such bricks are used in the monuments of Mtskheti and Urbanis). In the Middle Ages, brick sizes decreased (side size 21-27 cm, thickness 4-7 cm). Bricks of this shape, which are called Georgian bricks in our country, are no longer produced, they are only used for decoration purposes.
Clay bricks were made in brick factories in two ways: plastic or semi-dry pressing. In the first case, the bricks are pre-dried in chambers or in the air: they are fired in ring or tunnel furnaces at a temperature of 900-1000°C. During semi-dry pressing, bricks are made on stamping presses and placed in the oven to be fired.
Clay bricks are made plain or hollow; Size (according to the state standard) — single (250X120X65 mm) and modular (250X120X88 mm). Brick grade – 200, 150, 125, 100, 75, 50 is limited by temporary resistance during compression and bending. Volumetric weight — up to 1400-1900 kg/m³. Clay bricks are used for the construction of building foundations, arches, walls, chimneys, sewage systems and others.
Silicate brick is made by heat treatment of a mixture of quartz sand (92%) and lime (8%). Along with its advantages compared to clay bricks, it also has a drawback – it does not cope well with fermentation, it cannot be used in foundations, wet stalls and chimneys.
Bricks of various shapes are used for cladding facades, vestibules, stairwells and others, the surface of which is sometimes glazed. They also make bricks for special purposes – acid-resistant, road, fire-resistant and others.
Here you can find information about our brick house
What distinguishes the old Georgian brick and what is the advantage of Buildingtek brick?
We Georgians are lucky, because a square meter of real Georgian brick exported to Spain, Poland and Serbia is valued at no less than 230 euros.
The bricks produced in Georgia are distinguished by their characteristics, the clay produced from our soil contains a very large amount of diopside, Wollaston and orthoclase. These minerals are unknown to you, but I would like to explain to you why Georgian bricks had an incredibly high price on the European market, and why only the houses of the rich were built with Georgian bricks in 1850-1920. !
Georgian bricks, Kakhuri bricks, the so-called Russian bricks, which are called Georgian gray and dark, all these bricks were produced on the soil of Georgia, our bricks were distinguished not only by their properties, but also by their durability and immortal appearance that can last for hundreds of years.
Today’s manufactured bricks are 2 times weaker than the old real Georgian bricks, even the bricks produced during the Union of Samchoti are many times more durable than today’s factory-produced bricks, whether it is produced in Europe or in Georgia, we give you a way to add coolness to your interior in summer and warmth in winter, and not only Beautiful exterior and interior but classic and antique brick wall.
The main advantage of our bricks and bricks obtained from Georgian soil is the main characteristic (thermal mass). What is thermal mass? Thermal mass is the ability of a material to absorb, store and release heat or cold, the ability of a dense material to store heat-cold and then slowly release it.
This means cooler in summer and warmer in winter.
This is a significant advantage considering that more than 30 percent of the average home’s energy use consists of heating and cooling.
Old Georgian brick and its energy efficiency:
Due to its ability to reflect and retain heat, brick is more energy efficient than other building materials. This will help keep your home cool in the summer and warm in the winter, while also reducing your energy bills.
In addition to warmth and energy efficiency, brick homes offer shelter from the storm – quite literally! Brick houses offer extra high wind protection, in the event of an earthquake, the exterior or interior facade distributes kinetic energy over its mass, and a brick interior or exterior concentrates 24.3% of its mass on the exterior skin.
Although we are in Tbilisi, a study conducted by the Center for Wind Science and Engineering Research at Texas Tech University found that a building with a solid brick facade hit by a hurricane would need to travel over 80 mph to penetrate the wall of the brick house. This is important in the case of high winds such as hurricanes, tropical storms or tornadoes. But we are in Georgia and fortunately Georgians are not bothered by hurricanes with the power that occurs in Texas, so what advantage do we have with bricks?
Buildingtech and Georgian bricks in general are moisture resistant, you will probably come across advertisements for facade bricks on various websites, which offer bricks at a cast price only, which consist of a mixture of cement and silt, as well as a mixture of several substances, which produce fake bricks, fake bricks are the term used in our field, these bricks cannot be You can tell the difference between natural brick and brick without a detailed observation, we must say that this brick may be beautiful, but it does not have the characteristics that the bricks produced by us. Therefore, for this reason and many other reasons, our bricks stand out with all the qualities that you and your home or business location-building. And whether your design is an external or an internal facade needs so much, our company will take care that not only you but also others will enjoy looking at our bricks after 100 years. Best wishes, Buildingtech!
Here you can learn additional interesting information:
About the brick facade
What are the benefits of brick tiles?
Interesting facts about decorative bricks